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Coronary Artery Disease treatments (CAD medications)

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Among the most common diseases is the Coronary Artery Disease also called the Coronary Heart Disease. This heart complication occurs when the arteries are too narrow or tight to transport enough blood through the body. What causes this narrowness is the abundance of cholesterol fats droplet called plaque. This buildup may the lead to CAD.

There are different ways to treat Coronary Artery Disease. The one the doctor settles for depends on the cause and the symptoms that arise with the patient. We shall look at some of these symptoms and how they can be treated.

 

Angina and its medications

Angina is a common symptom of CAD. This is a situation where the patient experiences severe chest pain. When this happens, and it is attributed to CAD, the doctor may prescribe some medications that can reduce or completely get rid of this pain. Such drugs are called nitrates. The common nitrates are Nitroglycerin and Beta-blockers.

Nitroglycerin eliminates the artery tightness by widening it to allow easy passage of blood to the entire body. This gets rid of the pain. Beta-blockers on the other hand slow the heart beat rate and ease the blood of the workload pressure being put on it.

 

Blood clots and their treatments

Another common complication on the arteries is caused by blood clotting. When blood clots, the transport way is blocked and little amount of blood is left to pass through the arteries and vessels.

There are certain medications that can prevent the activities of thrombocytes (the blood cell responsible for blood blotting). Some of these drugs are aspirin, clopidogrel, eptifibatide and ticlopidine.

Coronary Artery Disease - What you should know about CAD
Wikimedia Common image – CCO 3.0 (public domain)

High level of cholesterol and its medications

As hinted above, the presence of high level of cholesterol can result in coronary artery blockage. This is a no brainer as the plaque droplet can get to the point of blocking the blood transport way.

Among the medications used to treat high level of cholesterol are the three fibrates; clofibrate, fenofibrate and gemfibrozil. Statins such as torvastatin, lovastatin, rosuvastatin and fluvastatin are also good in treating cholesterol while some doctors prescribe vitamin B-3 or niacin to cholesterol patients.

 

High blood pressure medications

Getting the blood pressure in the balance is the key to avoid Coronary Artery Disease. This simply tells us that hypertension medications can as well be used to treat CAD. As we have explained in high blood pressure treatments, Beta-blockers such as atendol, carvedilo, metoprolo and propranolo can slow down the heart beat rate and then lower the blood pressure.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and its receptor blockers known as ARBs can prevent angiotensin from tightening the blood vessels. Once the vessels are wide enough to transport enough blood, the body gets sufficient amount of oxygen. In the end, hypertension complications such as stroke and heart attack can be prevented.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors include lotensin, fosinopril, moexipril and ramipril while angiotensin receptor blockers are losartan, irbesartan and valsartan.

 

Bottom line

The above medications can lower the CAD symptoms and reduce the workload on the heart. When used correctly, cholesterol and blood pressure levels are lower. The heart is able to pump enough blood and the body gets the maximum oxygen level needed.

Nevertheless, it is advised that you talk with your doctor and only use the medications that he prescribes to you. These medications require that you are tested both physically and medically and in the end, you will be administered the best treatment for the level of complications that your body has suffered.

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