Carotenoids are tinctures that produce some colors such as orange and yellow in plants and photosynthetic bacteria. While these do not bring the highest supplement to plants and algae, they produce various nutrients and health benefits for humans.
Some kinds of carotenoids bring about antioxidants for man. Some others produce vitamin A alongside additional nutrients. In order to get the needed compounds from them, carotenoids best absorb with fat-rich foods. Such foods include but not limited to yams, kale, spinach, carrots, bell peppers and oranges.
Some common types of carotenoids
According to experts, there are over 600 kinds of carotenoids. The most popular ones nevertheless are alpha and beta carotene, beta cryptoxanthin, lutein, lycopene and zeaxanthin.
More about carotenoids and how they work
As we have hinted above, carotenoids must be absorbed in fat in order to bring out its nutrients. One of the things that differentiate it from vegetables is the fact that the more it is cooked, the more the strength of the nutrients that get supplied to the body as soon as it is consumed.
There are two classes of carotenoids namely carotenes and xanthophylls. They both are good sources of antioxidants and supply the body with nutrients that are very beneficial to the entire body health. How about we look at each of these classes!
Carotenes lack oxygen and show their benevolence in helping plant to grow well. Foods such as carrots, tomatoes, papaya, tangerines and cantaloupe supply more of this to the bloodstream.
And there is Xanthophylls
Differentiating from carotenes, Xanthophylls contain oxygen. These elements are responsible for preventing us from radiation that could come from sun ray. Consuming them in diet bring the eyes to a healthy state and improve vision. Xanthophylls are often gotten from egg yolks, avocado, pumpkin, corn and spinach.
What are the health benefits of Carotenoids?
Prevention against cancer
Cancer damages the cell membrane through free radicals and other substances. Antioxidants, on the other hand prevent this from happening. Carotenoids are one of the leading sources of antioxidants and consuming them through diet end up in having the cells protected.
Cancer patients can keep it from growing by consuming much antioxidant. If you are finding it hard to quit smoking, be sure to ingest much of carotenoids so as to lower your risk of developing cancer. Studies show that carotenoids fight against both skin and lung cancers. That is not hard to believe considering the fact that some carotenoids break into vitamin A, the very nutrient that protects the skin cell from breaking down.
Improves cardiovascular health
Several researches have laid down the possibility of carotenoids improving cardiovascular health. It is no brainer due to the established anti-inflammatory properties of these substances. In the end, complications such as arteries tightness and blockage are eliminated with the functionality of the heart being brought up to the highest level.
Improves eye health
Carotenoids such as the lutein and zeaxanthin can prevent the delicate parts of the eye from macular degeneration; one of the most common causes of blindness. Ingesting between 5 and 7 milligrams of lutein can decrease the risk of developing eye cancer. As well, the overall health of the eye becomes improved.
It is a good practice to include carotenoids-rich foods in your diet. The more you consume, the better the overall state of your health. There is no side effect in getting them from food supplements but ingesting carotenoids naturally increases the amount of antioxidants in your bloodstream.