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What you need to know about heart diseases – The overview

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Millions of people die yearly across the globe as a result of heart related diseases. Unlike different types of cancer, these diseases do not discriminate and tend to get acquainted with anyone provided that you live some certain lifestyles. Yet, it being so deadly does not stop it from being preventable. You just have to avoid some things that hinder you from having a healthy heart.

 

Different types of heart diseases

While many diseases are caused by unhealthy state of the heart, experts have narrowed down the main ones and most of them are given below:

  • Arrhythmia: This is the heart disorder, one that causes irregular heart beat. It tends to make the heart beat faster than regular, slower than regular or causes premature contraction and fibrillation.
  • Atherosclerosis: This is blood artery diseases that block the passage of oxygen and nutrients through the bloodstream. It mostly leads to heart attack, heart failure or perhaps stroke.
  • Cardiomyopathy: This causes imbalance in the state of heart muscle thereby making it become too weak or too hard. As a result of this, the heart becomes unable to pump as much blood as required by the body which then leads to heart failure or heart valve complications.
  • Congenital heart disease: Unlike the previously mentioned diseases, the congenital heart defect is present at birth. While there are some that are not life-threatening, some congenital heart defects can be so serious.
  • Heart infections: Sometimes, bacteria, parasites and viruses cause heart infections that can go from being ordinary to being severe and threaten the host’s life.

 

Causes of heart diseases

Different heart diseases are caused by different cardiovascular-causing elements. Some of them are discussed below:

 

Causes of Arrhythmia (irregular heart beat)

  • Abnormal use of medications and food supplements
  • CAD and diabetes
  • Excessive ingestion of alcohol and caffeine
  • Heart defects that are present in birth
  • High blood pressure (HBP)
  • Presence of heart damage
  • Stress caused by overdoing of physical activities

 

Causes of Cardiomyopathy

It is unclear, what causes Cardiomyopathy. While the Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is inherited in birth, Dialated Cardiomyopathy is often caused by excessive use of medications, drugs as well as the presence of infections in the body. Restrictive, another type of Cardiomyopathy is caused by abnormal protein buildup called amyloidosis.

What you need to know about heart diseases – The overview
Wikipedia Commons image – CCO 3.0 public domain

Causes of heart infections

When the presence of infection caused by virus, parasites or bacteria in the body is not controlled, different heart infections can arise. Hence, you need to pay maximum attention to the overall state of your body.

 

Heart disease diagnosis

You do not need to see signs of heart diseases before you decide to get diagnosed. While many of the diagnosis practices are based on the symptoms that arise, there are a handful of tests and evaluations that can be carried out prematurely. Among them are:

  • Physical exams and blood tests: This is where the doctor accounts for the symptoms that you have been experiencing thus far. Since some heart diseases are inheritable, family health records are examined here. The other part has to do with testing of your blood sample.
  • Tests that do not require incision: There are various tests used in diagnosing heart state that do not require incision. Among these are Carotid ultrasound, CT, scan, Electrocardiogram or ECG, Echocardiogram, heart MRI, holter monitor, stress test and tit table test and
  • Tests that require incision: Such tests include Cardia catheterization and coronary angiography, as well as electrophysiology.

 

Treatments available for heart diseases

The treatments are classified into three categories. The first is the lifestyle changes where the diagnosed patient adheres to leave some lifestyles that can complicate things even further. This includes changing of dietary, avoiding smoking of tobacco and engaging in some physical activities.

The second is the use of medications prescribed by the doctor. Depending on the nature and intensity of the disease, you may be prescribed medications that control or manage the functionality of the heart. The third has to do with surgery. There are several invasive procedures that can be undergone to make your heart completely healthy again.

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