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High blood pressure diagnosis and readings

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High blood pressure diagnosis and readings

In the previous article, we introduced our readers to one of the deadly diseases being taken lightly by a large percentage of the world’s population – high blood pressure also known as hypertension. Be sure to check it out if you missed the article.

 

What are the diagnosis practices for hypertension?

Just as it is easy to develop it, diagnosing hypertension is no brainer. You can actually arrange for a blood pressure reading at a hospital. At first, the doctor takes the reading and if there exists some problem, then you will may likely required to be tested. This testing may be one of the followings:

  • Urine test
  • Blood test with regards to cholesterol level among others
  • Heart test with EKG or electrocardiogram
  • Kidney test

Without a doubt, the above tests should aid your doctor in concluding the exact state of you blood pressure. Depending on the severity of the complications, the treatments may follow immediately.

 

High blood pressure readings

The primary numbers that constitute the blood pressure reading are the systolic pressure which specifies the arteries pressure as blood is being pumped by the heart and the diastolic pressure which indicates the arteries pressure as the heart beats.

There are five high blood pressure reading categories. These are briefly explained below:

Level 1 – Healthy: This is a reading of below 120/80 mm Hg which indicates a healthy state of blood pressure.

Level 2 – Elevated: This is where the systolic number falls between 120 and 129 mm Hg with the diastolic number still being less than 80 mm Hg.

Level 3 – Stage 1 hypertension: The systolic number goes beyond 129 and sits between 130 and 139 while the diastolic is over 80 but less than 90.

Level 4 – Stage 2 hypertension: Things is getting serious here as the systolic number brings a reading above 139 with the diastolic being 90 mm Hg or higher.

Level 5 – Hypertensive emergency: This is a critical stage where the systolic number is already over 180 and/or the diastolic number reading over 120 mm Hg. This stage requires the emergency and urgent medical intervention. When severe symptoms of hypertension shows up for a person having this reading, a separate room in the emergency ward is required.

Introduction to high blood pressure or hypertension
Wikimedia Common image – CCO 3.0 (public domain)

Hypertension treatment options

Before a doctor can conclude on the best treatment option for you, he needs to take into consideration some factors. Through these factors, the doctor detects the actual cause of the HBP and then goes ahead with the treatment option.

Treatment option 1 (for primary hypertension): If the level of high blood pressure is not severe and the cause is one of gene, environment and physical changes, the doctor can easily prescribe some medications without wasting time.

Treatment option 2 (for secondary hypertension): If the level of hypertension falls in the secondary grade, the treatment will be proportional to other conditions. The hypertension might have developed as a result of medication side effect or heart/kidney diseases. Hence, the treatment that will be administered must go well with the source of the high blood pressure.

 

What is next?

You do not need to be a doctor to understand high blood pressure reading. Diagnosing this health complication as well is no brainer. However, you still need to learn about the medications and home remedies for hypertension in order to have a deep understanding of the illness.

Click here to continue.

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