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Birth control: The overview

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Birth control: The overview

Birth control prevents the fertility organs from producing pregnancy as sexual intercourse occurs between two people of opposite genders. As much as I hate to think about it, if this very element had been used by our parents, it is no brainer that me and you might have not made it to the beautiful planet earth. I do not think there is any other planet that could take us regardless. Bottom line is it could have prevented us from being given birth to. That is all jokes, now let’s get serious.

 

Birth control methods

Birth control works in different methods and ways but has the same objective – to prevent pregnancy. There are five main methods of birth control. May be there are more but they’d still be found under these five. They are briefly discussed below:

Barrier birth control methods: These methods create a blockage and by all means stop the sperm cells from making contact with an egg. There are three methods here. They are the cervical caps, condoms and diaphragms.

Hormonal birth control: These methods stop woman from being able to be impregnated. The ovulation is prevented and hence the woman is rendered infertile. These include birth control pills/implants, vaginal ring and hormonal patches.

Birth control: the overview
Wikimedia Common image – CCO 3.0 (public domain)

Natural birth control: The name explains it all I think. These methods have to do with the use of ovulation test kits, taking cervical mucus assessment and tracking of menstrual cycles.

Surgical sterilization: This method is used when a man or woman decides to go for a permanent birth control. Sterilization implants are inserted into the reproductive system to block any possibility of pregnancy.

The use of intrauterine devices: These devices create obstacle in the uterus, stops the already fertilized egg from implanting and creating room for pregnancy.

The use of spermicide: It turns out that cockroaches and flies aren’t the only thing we use chemicals to chase out within the home. There are certain chemicals that destroy the functionality of sperm thereby making it unable to reach an egg.

 

Does it take long for birth control to be operational?

It depends on the method. Some like barrier methods start blocking rooms for pregnancy at first use. Some that are in form of pills or implants take a while before becoming active.

However, there are some that their efficiency are in respect to the time in your monthly cycle that you begin to use them. In the end, it all depends on the timing and usage.

 

Do birth controls absolutely assure pregnancy prevention?

Let us be blunt here, there is no such birth control method that provides 100% effectiveness. That means using them does not certainly mean that you would not get pregnant.

However, when used correctly as prescribed, there is up to 98% pregnancy prevention guarantee. Some are more effective than the others. Among these most effective ones are the pills. Most pills give up to 99% assurance. Be that as it is, you still need to have a clear understanding of the one you are going for and how it works.

 

Are there side effects to birth control methods?

Definitely! Is there such medical treatment that does not have anyway!? You just want to consider the one that offers the least side effects that can be lived with or corrected if possible.

Side effects of barrier methods

Contraceptives such as diaphragm and spermicide can bring about urinary tract infections (UTIs). When you leave a cervical cap or diaphragm for too long (more than a day) can open you to the risk of developing toxic syndrome shock (TSS). Depending on your allergies, some chemicals used in these contraceptives can bring other complications.

Side effects of hormonal birth control

This is also known as oral contraceptive and has with its serious health complications as side effects. Heart attacks and stroke can emerge from using oral contraceptives especially for heavy smokers of tobacco.

There are still some less complicated ones such as vomiting, mood swings, nausea and bleeding. It can as well bring about breast swelling and weight gain.

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